What about those who do not believe in the Imam?

There are some who claim, “if someone does not accept the Imam AS, they are not believers”, this narration examines the case.

 

 

H 2875, CH 166, h 1
Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ‘Abd al-
Rahman ibn al-Hajjaj from Hashim Sahib al-Barid who has said the following:
“Once Muhammad ibn Muslim, abu al-Khattab and I were
together and abu Khattab asked, ‘What do you say about a
person who does not believe in this cause (Divine Authority of
Ahl al-Bayt)?’ I then said, ‘Anyone who does not believe in this
cause is an unbeliever.’ Abu al-Khattab said, ‘He is not an
unbeliever until all evidence is established against him, when
evidence and proof is established and he did not recognize then
he becomes an unbeliever.’ Muhammad ibn Muslim asked him,

‘Glory belongs to Allah, what has he done that for not knowing
and not denying becomes an unbeliever? He is not an unbeliever
if he does not deny and reject.’ I (the narrator) argued and then
went in the presence of abu ‘Abd Allah, recipient of divine
supreme covenant, and informed him of the discussion. The
Imam said, ‘You have come and they both are absent. All of you
may come to me tonight by the middle Jamara (pillar of stones)
in Mina.’
“That night we gathered together before him. Abu al-Khattab
and Muhammad ibn Muslim also were there. The Imam picked
up the pillow and held it against his chest and asked us, ‘What
do you say about your servants, women, and people of your
house? Do they not say, ‘No one deserves to be worshipped
except Allah?’ I said, ‘Yes, they do say so.’ The Imam asked,
‘Do they not say, Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah?’ I said,
‘Yes, they do say so.’ The Imam asked, ‘Do they not perform
the prayer, fast and perform Hajj?’ I said, ‘Yes, they do so.’ The
Imam asked, ‘Do they know and recognize what you believe
in?’ I said, ‘No, they do not do so.’ The Imam asked, ‘What are
they then in your views?’ I said, ‘Anyone who does not know
this cause (Divine Authority of Ahl al-Bayt) is an unbeliever.’
The Imam asked, ‘Glory belongs to Allah, have you considered
the people in the streets and the water carriers?’ I said, ‘Yes, I
have done so.’ The Imam asked, ‘Do they not perform the
prayer, fast, and perform Hajj? Do they not testify that no one
deserves to be worshipped except Allah and that Muhammad is
the Messenger of Allah?’ I said, ‘Yes, they do so.’ The Imam
said, ‘Do they know and recognize what you believe in?’ I said,
‘No, they do not do so.’ The Imam said, ‘What are they then in
your view?’ I said, ‘Anyone who does not know and recognize
this cause, is an unbeliever.’ The Imam said, ‘Glory belongs to
Allah, have you seen the Ka’bah, the Tawaf (walking seven
times around the Ka’bah), the people of Yeman and their
clinging to the curtain of the Ka’bah?’ I said, ‘Yes, I see them.’
The Imam said, ‘Do they not testify that no one deserves to be
worshipped except Allah? That Muhammad is the Messenger of
Allah? Do they not perform the prayer, fast, and perform Hajj?’
I said, ‘Yes they do so.’ The Imam said, ‘Do they know and
recognize what you believe in?’ I said, ‘No they do not do so.’
The Imam said, ‘What do you say about them?’ I said, ‘Anyone
who does not know (believe in this cause) is an unbeliever.’
“The Imam said, ‘Glory belongs to Allah, this is what al-
Khawarij (the group that turned against Ali, recipient of divine
supreme covenant) say.’ The Imam then said, ‘If you like, I may
tell you.’ I said, ‘No, do not tell us.’ The Imam said, ‘It is evil
against you to say what you have not heard from us.’ I (the
narrator) then guessed that he is turning us upon the words of
Muhammad ibn Muslim (namely, one is not an unbeliever until
he denies and rejects the Divine Authority of Ahl al-Bayt).’”

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