Tafsir 25. Al Furqaan

Al-Furqaan
 
 
1تَبَارَكَ الَّذِي نَزَّلَ الْفُرْقَانَ عَلَىٰ عَبْدِهِ لِيَكُونَ لِلْعَالَمِينَ نَذِيرًا
25|1|Blessed is He who sent down the Criterion upon His servant, to be a warning to humanity.
2الَّذِي لَهُ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَلَمْ يَتَّخِذْ وَلَدًا وَلَمْ يَكُن لَّهُ شَرِيكٌ فِي الْمُلْكِ وَخَلَقَ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ فَقَدَّرَهُ تَقْدِيرًا
25|2|He to whom belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth, who took to Himself no son, who never had a partner in His kingship; who created everything and determined its measure.
3وَاتَّخَذُوا مِن دُونِهِ آلِهَةً لَّا يَخْلُقُونَ شَيْئًا وَهُمْ يُخْلَقُونَ وَلَا يَمْلِكُونَ لِأَنفُسِهِمْ ضَرًّا وَلَا نَفْعًا وَلَا يَمْلِكُونَ مَوْتًا وَلَا حَيَاةً وَلَا نُشُورًا
25|3|And yet, instead of Him, they produce for themselves gods that create nothing, but are themselves created; that have no power to harm or benefit themselves; and no power over life, death, or resurrection.
4وَقَالَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا إِنْ هَٰذَا إِلَّا إِفْكٌ افْتَرَاهُ وَأَعَانَهُ عَلَيْهِ قَوْمٌ آخَرُونَ ۖ فَقَدْ جَاءُوا ظُلْمًا وَزُورًا
25|4|Those who disbelieve say, “This is nothing but a lie that he made up, and others have helped him at it.” They have committed an injustice and a perjury.
5وَقَالُوا أَسَاطِيرُ الْأَوَّلِينَ اكْتَتَبَهَا فَهِيَ تُمْلَىٰ عَلَيْهِ بُكْرَةً وَأَصِيلًا
25|5|And they say, “Tales of the ancients; he wrote them down; they are dictated to him morning and evening.”
6قُلْ أَنزَلَهُ الَّذِي يَعْلَمُ السِّرَّ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۚ إِنَّهُ كَانَ غَفُورًا رَّحِيمًا
25|6|Say, “It was revealed by He who knows the Secret in the heavens and the earth. He is always Forgiving and Merciful.”
7وَقَالُوا مَالِ هَٰذَا الرَّسُولِ يَأْكُلُ الطَّعَامَ وَيَمْشِي فِي الْأَسْوَاقِ ۙ لَوْلَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْهِ مَلَكٌ فَيَكُونَ مَعَهُ نَذِيرًا
25|7|And they say, “What sort of messenger is this, who eats food, and walks in the marketplaces? If only an angel was sent down with him, to be alongside him a warner.”
8أَوْ يُلْقَىٰ إِلَيْهِ كَنزٌ أَوْ تَكُونُ لَهُ جَنَّةٌ يَأْكُلُ مِنْهَا ۚ وَقَالَ الظَّالِمُونَ إِن تَتَّبِعُونَ إِلَّا رَجُلًا مَّسْحُورًا
25|8|Or, “If only a treasure was dropped on him.” Or, “If only he had a garden from which he eats.” The evildoers also say, “You are following but a man under spell.”
9انظُرْ كَيْفَ ضَرَبُوا لَكَ الْأَمْثَالَ فَضَلُّوا فَلَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ سَبِيلًا
25|9|Look how they invent examples for you. They have gone astray, and cannot find a way.
10تَبَارَكَ الَّذِي إِن شَاءَ جَعَلَ لَكَ خَيْرًا مِّن ذَٰلِكَ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِن تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ وَيَجْعَل لَّكَ قُصُورًا
25|10|Blessed is He who, if He wills, can provide you with better than that—gardens beneath which rivers flow—and He will give you palaces.
11بَلْ كَذَّبُوا بِالسَّاعَةِ ۖ وَأَعْتَدْنَا لِمَن كَذَّبَ بِالسَّاعَةِ سَعِيرًا
25|11|In fact, they have denied the Hour, and We have prepared for those who deny the Hour a Blaze.
12إِذَا رَأَتْهُم مِّن مَّكَانٍ بَعِيدٍ سَمِعُوا لَهَا تَغَيُّظًا وَزَفِيرًا
25|12|When it sees them from a distant place, they will hear it raging and roaring.
13وَإِذَا أُلْقُوا مِنْهَا مَكَانًا ضَيِّقًا مُّقَرَّنِينَ دَعَوْا هُنَالِكَ ثُبُورًا
25|13|And when they are thrown into it, into a tight place, shackled, they will plead there for death.
14لَّا تَدْعُوا الْيَوْمَ ثُبُورًا وَاحِدًا وَادْعُوا ثُبُورًا كَثِيرًا
25|14|“Do not plead for one death today, but plead for a great many deaths.”
15قُلْ أَذَٰلِكَ خَيْرٌ أَمْ جَنَّةُ الْخُلْدِ الَّتِي وُعِدَ الْمُتَّقُونَ ۚ كَانَتْ لَهُمْ جَزَاءً وَمَصِيرًا
25|15|Say, “Is this better, or the Garden of Eternity promised to the righteous? It is for them a reward and a destination.
16لَّهُمْ فِيهَا مَا يَشَاءُونَ خَالِدِينَ ۚ كَانَ عَلَىٰ رَبِّكَ وَعْدًا مَّسْئُولًا
25|16|They will have therein whatever they desire, forever. That is upon your Lord a binding promise.
17وَيَوْمَ يَحْشُرُهُمْ وَمَا يَعْبُدُونَ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ فَيَقُولُ أَأَنتُمْ أَضْلَلْتُمْ عِبَادِي هَٰؤُلَاءِ أَمْ هُمْ ضَلُّوا السَّبِيلَ
25|17|On the Day when He gathers them, and what they worshiped besides God, He will say, “Was it you who misled these servants of Mine, or was it they who lost the way?”
18قَالُوا سُبْحَانَكَ مَا كَانَ يَنبَغِي لَنَا أَن نَّتَّخِذَ مِن دُونِكَ مِنْ أَوْلِيَاءَ وَلَٰكِن مَّتَّعْتَهُمْ وَآبَاءَهُمْ حَتَّىٰ نَسُوا الذِّكْرَ وَكَانُوا قَوْمًا بُورًا
25|18|They will say, “Glory be to You. It was not for us to take any lords besides You. But you gave them enjoyments, and their ancestors, until they forgot the Message, and became ruined people.”
19فَقَدْ كَذَّبُوكُم بِمَا تَقُولُونَ فَمَا تَسْتَطِيعُونَ صَرْفًا وَلَا نَصْرًا ۚ وَمَن يَظْلِم مِّنكُمْ نُذِقْهُ عَذَابًا كَبِيرًا
25|19|They have denied you because of what you say; so you can neither avert, nor help. Whoever among you commits injustice, We will make him taste a grievous punishment.
20وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَا قَبْلَكَ مِنَ الْمُرْسَلِينَ إِلَّا إِنَّهُمْ لَيَأْكُلُونَ الطَّعَامَ وَيَمْشُونَ فِي الْأَسْوَاقِ ۗ وَجَعَلْنَا بَعْضَكُمْ لِبَعْضٍ فِتْنَةً أَتَصْبِرُونَ ۗوَكَانَ رَبُّكَ بَصِيرًا
25|20|We never sent any messengers before you, but they ate food and walked in the marketplaces. And We made some of you tempters for one another—will you be patient? Your Lord is always Observing.
21۞ وَقَالَ الَّذِينَ لَا يَرْجُونَ لِقَاءَنَا لَوْلَا أُنزِلَ عَلَيْنَا الْمَلَائِكَةُ أَوْ نَرَىٰ رَبَّنَا ۗ لَقَدِ اسْتَكْبَرُوا فِي أَنفُسِهِمْ وَعَتَوْا عُتُوًّا كَبِيرًا
25|21|Those who do not expect to meet Us say, “If only the angels were sent down to us, or we could see our Lord.” They have grown arrogant within themselves, and have become excessively defiant.
22يَوْمَ يَرَوْنَ الْمَلَائِكَةَ لَا بُشْرَىٰ يَوْمَئِذٍ لِّلْمُجْرِمِينَ وَيَقُولُونَ حِجْرًا مَّحْجُورًا
25|22|On the Day when they see the angels—there will be no good news for sinners on that Day; and they will say, “A protective refuge.”
23وَقَدِمْنَا إِلَىٰ مَا عَمِلُوا مِنْ عَمَلٍ فَجَعَلْنَاهُ هَبَاءً مَّنثُورًا
25|23|We will proceed to the works they did, and will turn them into scattered dust.
 

H 1644, CH 35, h 5
Ibn abu ‘Umayr has narrated from Hisham ibn Salim from Sulayman ibn Khalid
who has said the following:
“I asked abu ‘Abd Allah, recipient of divine supreme covenant,
about the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy,
‘We shall call their deeds into Our presence and scatter them
into the air as dust (turn them devoid of all virtue).’ (25:23) The
Imam said, ‘I swear by Allah, even though their deeds may have
been whiter than the Coptic gown, the nullification of such deed
is because on their encountering an unlawful matter they did not
stay away from it.’”

 
24أَصْحَابُ الْجَنَّةِ يَوْمَئِذٍ خَيْرٌ مُّسْتَقَرًّا وَأَحْسَنُ مَقِيلًا
25|24|The companions of Paradise on that Day will be better lodged, and more fairly accommodated.
25وَيَوْمَ تَشَقَّقُ السَّمَاءُ بِالْغَمَامِ وَنُزِّلَ الْمَلَائِكَةُ تَنزِيلًا
25|25|The Day when the sky is cleft with clouds, and the angels are sent down in streams.
26الْمُلْكُ يَوْمَئِذٍ الْحَقُّ لِلرَّحْمَٰنِ ۚ وَكَانَ يَوْمًا عَلَى الْكَافِرِينَ عَسِيرًا
25|26|On that Day, true sovereignty will belong to the Merciful, and it will be a difficult Day for the disbelievers.
27وَيَوْمَ يَعَضُّ الظَّالِمُ عَلَىٰ يَدَيْهِ يَقُولُ يَا لَيْتَنِي اتَّخَذْتُ مَعَ الرَّسُولِ سَبِيلًا
25|27|On that Day, the wrongdoer will bite his hands, and say, “If only I had followed the way with the Messenger.
28يَا وَيْلَتَىٰ لَيْتَنِي لَمْ أَتَّخِذْ فُلَانًا خَلِيلًا
25|28|Oh, woe to me; I wish I never took so-and-so for a friend.
29لَّقَدْ أَضَلَّنِي عَنِ الذِّكْرِ بَعْدَ إِذْ جَاءَنِي ۗ وَكَانَ الشَّيْطَانُ لِلْإِنسَانِ خَذُولًا
25|29|He led me away from the Message after it had come to me; for Satan has always been a betrayer of man.”
30وَقَالَ الرَّسُولُ يَا رَبِّ إِنَّ قَوْمِي اتَّخَذُوا هَٰذَا الْقُرْآنَ مَهْجُورًا
25|30|And the Messenger will say, “My Lord, my people have abandoned this Quran.”
31وَكَذَٰلِكَ جَعَلْنَا لِكُلِّ نَبِيٍّ عَدُوًّا مِّنَ الْمُجْرِمِينَ ۗ وَكَفَىٰ بِرَبِّكَ هَادِيًا وَنَصِيرًا
25|31|Likewise, to every prophet We assign enemies from among the wicked. But your Lord suffices as a Guide and Savior.
32وَقَالَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لَوْلَا نُزِّلَ عَلَيْهِ الْقُرْآنُ جُمْلَةً وَاحِدَةً ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ لِنُثَبِّتَ بِهِ فُؤَادَكَ ۖ وَرَتَّلْنَاهُ تَرْتِيلًا
25|32|Those who disbelieve say, “Why was the Quran not revealed to him at once?” Thus in order to strengthen your heart thereby, and We revealed it in stages.
33وَلَا يَأْتُونَكَ بِمَثَلٍ إِلَّا جِئْنَاكَ بِالْحَقِّ وَأَحْسَنَ تَفْسِيرًا
25|33|Whatever argument they come to you with, We provide you with the truth, and a better exposition.
34الَّذِينَ يُحْشَرُونَ عَلَىٰ وُجُوهِهِمْ إِلَىٰ جَهَنَّمَ أُولَٰئِكَ شَرٌّ مَّكَانًا وَأَضَلُّ سَبِيلًا
25|34|Those who are herded into Hell on their faces—those are in a worse position, and further astray from the way.
35وَلَقَدْ آتَيْنَا مُوسَى الْكِتَابَ وَجَعَلْنَا مَعَهُ أَخَاهُ هَارُونَ وَزِيرًا
25|35|We gave Moses the Scripture, and appointed his brother Aaron as his assistant.
36فَقُلْنَا اذْهَبَا إِلَى الْقَوْمِ الَّذِينَ كَذَّبُوا بِآيَاتِنَا فَدَمَّرْنَاهُمْ تَدْمِيرًا
25|36|We said, “Go to the people who rejected Our signs,” and We destroyed them completely.
37وَقَوْمَ نُوحٍ لَّمَّا كَذَّبُوا الرُّسُلَ أَغْرَقْنَاهُمْ وَجَعَلْنَاهُمْ لِلنَّاسِ آيَةً ۖ وَأَعْتَدْنَا لِلظَّالِمِينَ عَذَابًا أَلِيمًا
25|37|And the people of Noah: when they rejected the messengers, We drowned them, and made them a lesson for mankind. We have prepared for the wrongdoers a painful retribution.
38وَعَادًا وَثَمُودَ وَأَصْحَابَ الرَّسِّ وَقُرُونًا بَيْنَ ذَٰلِكَ كَثِيرًا
25|38|And Aad, and Thamood, and the inhabitants of Rass, and many generations in between.
 

عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ وَ هِشَامٍ وَ حَفْصٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع أَنَّهُ دَخَلَ عَلَيْهِ نِسْوَةٌ فَسَأَلَتْهُ امْرَأَةٌ مِنْهُنَّ عَنِ السَّحْقِ فَقَالَ حَدُّهَا حَدُّ الزَّانِي فَقَالَتِ الْمَرْأَةُ مَا ذَكَرَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ ذَلِكَ فِي الْقُرْآنِ فَقَالَ بَلَى قَالَتْ وَ أَيْنَ هُوَ قَالَ هُنَّ أَصْحَابُ الرَّسِّ`Alī b. Ibrāhīm from his father from Ibn Abī `Umayr from Muhḥammad b. Abī Hamzah and Hishām (b. Sālim) and Hafṣ (b. al-Bakhtarī) from Abī `Abd Allāh (عليه السلام) said that a woman entered upon him(عليه السلام) and the woman asked him (عليه السلام) about lesbianism. So he (عليه السلام) said, ‘Her punishment (hadd) is the punishment of an adulterer (al-Zānī). So the woman said, ‘Allāh has not mentioned that in the Qur’ān’ He (عليه السلام) said ‘Yes (He has)’. She said, ‘Where is it?’ He (عليه السلام) said, ‘They were the people of al-Rass’.

 

 

حدثنا أحمد بن زياد بن جعفر الهمداني رضي الله عنه قال حدثنا علي بن إبراهيم بن هاشم عن أبيه قال حدثنا أبو الصلت عبد السلام بن صالح الهروي قال حدثنا علي بن موسى الرضا ع عن أبيه موسى بن جعفر عن أبيه جعفر بن محمد عن أبيه محمد بن علي عن أبيه علي بن الحسين عن أبيه الحسين بن علي ع قال أتى علي بن أبي طالب قبل مقتله بثلاثة أيام رجل من أشراف بني تميم يقال له عمرو فقال يا أمير المؤمنين أخبرني عن أصحاب الرس في أي عصر كانوا و أين كانت منازلهم و من كان ملكهم و هل بعث الله عز و جل إليهم رسولا أم لا و بما ذا أهلكوا فإني لا أجد في كتاب الله عز و جل ذكرهم و لا أجد خبرهم

Aḥmad b. Ziyād b. Ja`far al-Hamadānī[8] (رضي الله عنه) has narrated to us, he has said `Alī b. Ibrāhīm b. Hāshim[9] has narrated to us from his father[10] from Abū al-Ṣalt `Abd al-Salām b. Ṣāliḥ al-Harawī[11] said `Alī b. Mūsa al-Riḍa narrated to us from his father Mūsa b. Ja`far from his father Ja`far b. Muḥammad from his father Muḥammad b. `Alī from his father `Alī b. al-Ḥussayn from his father al-Ḥussayn b. `Alī said,

 

A reputable man called `Amr from the Banū Tamīm came to `Alī b. Abī Ṭālib (عليه السلام) three days before his murder, and he said, ‘O Amīr al-Mu’minīn, inform me about the people of al-Rass, in which era (did they live)? Where were their homes? Who was their king? Did Allāh (عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ) sent a messenger to them or not? How were they destroyed? I do not find in the Book of Allāh (عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ) information about them.

فقال له علي ع لقد سألت من حديث ما سألني عنه أحد قبلك و لا يحدثك به أحد بعدي و ما في كتاب الله عز و جل آية إلا و أنا أعرف تفسيرها و في أي مكان نزلت من سهل أو جبل و في أي وقت نزلت من ليل أو نهار و أن هاهنا لعلما جما و أشار إلى صدره و لكن طلابه يسيرة و عن قليل يندمون لو قد يفقدوني

So `Alī (عليه السلام) said to him, ‘You have asked me about story that no one has asked about it before you, and no one can inform you of it after me (unless quoting him). And there is not an ayah of the Book of Allāh (عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ)except that I know its tafsīr, and in which place it was revealed on a plain or a mountain, and in what time it was revealed, in the night or the day.’ Pointing to his chest, here there is abundant knowledge, but the seekers of it are few, and they will regret when they lose me.’

و كان من قصتهم يا أخا تميم إنهم كانوا قوما يعبدون شجرة صنوبر يقال لها شاه درخت و كان يافث بن نوح غرسها على شفير عين يقال لها روشاب كانت انبعت لنوح ع بعد الطوفان و إنما سموا أصحاب الرس لأنهم رسوا نبيهم في الأرض و ذلك بعد سليمان بن داود ع و كانت لهم اثنتا عشرة قرية على شاطئ نهر يقال له الرس من بلاد المشرق و بهم سمي ذلك النهر و لم يكن يومئذ في الأرض نهر أغزر و لا أعذب منه و لا أقوى و لا قرى أكثر و لا أعمر منها تسمى إحداهن آبان و الثانية آذر و الثالثة دي و الرابعة بهمن و الخامسة إسفنديار و السادسة پروردين و السابعة أردي بهشت و الثامنة أرداد و التاسعة مرداد و العاشرة تير و الحادية عشرة مهر و الثانية عشرة شهريور

‘O brother from Tamīm, this is their story. They were people who used to worship the Pine Tree, and they called itShāh Darakht (the King Tree). Yāfith b. Nūh planted it on the border of a spring, and he called it Rūshāb, and it had sprung out after Nūḥ’s (عليه السلام) flood, because they buried their prophet in the earth that came after Sulaymān b. Dawud (عليه السلام). They had towns along the coast of the river, and they called it (the river) al-Rass it was in the Eastern Hemisphere. And they were named that after the river. And there was no river more abundant and fresh on the earth that day than it. There were no towns stronger and more developed than them. They names (of the towns) were.

  1.    Ābān
  2. Ādhar
  3. Day
  4. Bahman
  5. Isfandiyyār
  6. Parwardīn (Farvardin)
  7. Urdū Bihisht (Urdi Behesht)
  8. Urdād (Khurdād)
  9. Murdād
  10. Tīr
  11. Mihr (Mehr)
  12. Shahriwar (Shahrivar)

و كانت أعظم مدائنهم إسفنديار و هي التي ينزلها ملكهم و كان يسمى تركوذ بن غابور بن يارش بن سازن بن نمرود بن كنعان فرعون إبراهيم ع و بها العين و الصنوبر و قد غرسوا في كل قرية منها حبة من طلع تلك الصنوبرة فنبتت الحبة و صارت شجرة عظيمة و أجروا إليها نهرا من العين التي عند الصنوبرة فنبتت الصنوبرة و صارت شجرة عظيمة و حرموا ماء العين و الأنهار فلا يشربون منها و لا أنعامهم و من فعل ذلك قتلوه و يقولون هو حياة آلهتنا فلا ينبغي لأحد أن ينقص من حياتها و يشربون هم و أنعامهم من نهر الرس الذي عليه قراهم و قد جعلوا في كل شهر من السنة في كل قرية عيدا يجتمع إليه أهلها فيضربون على الشجرة التي بها كله من حرير فيها من أنواع الصور ثم يأتون بشاة و بقر فيذبحونها قربانا للشجرة و يشعلون فيها النيران بالحطب فإذا سطع دخان تلك الذبائح و قتارها في الهواء و حال بينهم و بين النضر إلى السماء خروا للشجرة سجدا من دون الله عز و جل يبكون و يتضرعون إليها أن ترضى عنهم فكان الشيطان يجي‏ء و يحرك أغصانها و يصيح من ساقها صياح الصبي إني قد رضيت عنكم عبادي فطيبوا نفسا و قروا عينا فيرفعون رءوسهم عند ذلك و يشربون الخمر و يضربون بالمعازف و يأخذون الدستبنذ فيكونون على ذلك يومهم و ليلتهم ثم ينصرفون

Their largest city was Isfandiyār, it is where their king dwelled, his name was Turkūdh b. Ghābūr b. Yārish b. Sāzin b. Nimrūd b. Canaan, the fir`awn of Ibrāhīm. And the spring and pine tree were in it. They had planted a seed of it in every town, and from that the pine tree grew and became a big tree. They carried (water) from the spring which was near the pine tree, and put it on the (smaller) pine tree, and it became a big tree. And they forbade the water of the spring. And they (forbade) drinking, nor could their animals (drink from it). Whoever did that, they killed him and they said, “It (the water) is the source of our life of our gods. It is not appropriate for anyone to take from its life, and drink from it, nor the animals (drink) from the river of al-Rass which their towns were on. They made in every month of the year in each town an Eid. Its people would gather for it, and surround the tree with silk tents of images. Then they would bring a sheep and a cow and they would slaughter it for sacrifice to the tree. And they would ignite a fire by firewood on them (the animals). When the smoke of the sacrifices fill the air, and the condition between them and the sky had gotten blocked, they would fall down into prostration to the tree, and they prostrated to other than Allāh (عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ) and they cried and supplicated to it (the tree), to please the tree. And shaytān would come and shake its branches, and he would yell like a child from its trunks, ‘I am pleased with you my slaves, be happy and pleased, they have cooled the eyes. Then they raised their heads from that, and they drank khamr, and they beat the ma`āzif (drums), and they play al-Dastbandh (stringed instrument) throughout the night, then they departed.

و إنما سمت العجم شهورها بآبانماه و آذرماه و غيرها اشتقاقا من أسماء تلك القرى لقول أهلها  بعضهم لبعض هذا عيد قرية كذا حتى إذا كان عيد قريتهم العظمى اجتمع إليها صغيرهم و كبيرهم فضربوا عند الصنوبرة و العين سرادقا من ديباج عليه أنواع الصور و جعلوا له اثني عشر بابا كل باب لأهل قرية منهم فيسجدون للصنوبرة خارجا من السرادق و يقربون لها الذبائح أصناف ما قربوا للشجرة التي في قراهم فيجي‏ء إبليس عند ذلك فيحرك الصنوبرة تحريكا شديدا و يتكلم من جوفها كلاما جهوريا و يعدهم و يمنيهم بأكثر مما وعدتهم و منتهم الشياطين في تلك الشجرات الأخر للبقاء فيرفعون رءوسهم من السجود و بهم من الفرح النشاط ما لا يفيقون و لا يتكلمون من الشرب و العزف فيكونون على ذلك اثني عشر يوما و لياليها بعدد أعيادهم سائر السنة ثم ينصرفون

The `ajam (Persians) derived the names of their months, Ābān, Ādhar, etc., from those names of the towns. Its people used to say to one another this is the Eid of this such town, until it came to their biggest town’s Eid, and they gathered them, their young, their old, and surrounded the Pine tree and spring and they sewed a silk  garments made with pictures upon. And they made twelve (12) doors, every door was for the people of the towns, and they would prostrate to the pine tree, outside the pavilion. And they offered to it sacrifices to the tree for each of their towns. And Iblīs would come to that (tree), and shake the pine tree a lot, and he would talk from inside it aloud, and he would promise them and bless them much more than the (other) Satan promised them in that other remaining tree. Then, they raised their heads from sajdah, and they would black out from the happiness and energy, and they would not wake up. They were not able to speak because of drinking and (listening) to music. They would spend twelve (12) days and nights in Eid for the rest of the year, then they departed.

فلما طال كفرهم بالله عز و جل و عبادتهم غيره بعث الله عز و جل إليهم نبيا من بني إسرائيل من ولد يهودا بن يعقوب فلبث فيهم زمانا طويلا يدعوهم إلى عبادة الله عز و جل و معرفة ربوبيته فلا يتبعونه فلما رأى شدة تماديهم في الغي به و الضلال و تركهم قبول ما دعاهم إليه من الرشد و النجاح و حضر عيد قريتهم العظمى قال يا رب إن عبادك أبوا إلا تكذيبي و الكفر بك و غدوا يعبدون شجرة لا تنفع و لا تضر فأيبس شجرهم أجمع و أرهم قدرتك و سلطانك فأصبح القوم و قد يبس شجرهم كلها فهالهم ذلك و قطع بهم و صاروا فريقين فرقة قالت سحر آلهتكم هذا الرجل الذي يزعم أنه رسول رب السماء و الأرض إليكم ليصرف وجوهكم عن آلهتكم إلى إلهه و فرقة قالت لا بل غضبت آلهتكم حين رأت هذا الرجل يعيبها و يقع فيها و يدعوكم إلى عبادة غيرها فحجبت حسنها و بهاءها لكي تغضبوا لها فتنتصروا منه فاجتمع رأيهم على قتله فاتخذوا أنابيب طوالا من رصاص واسعة الأفواه

When their kufr (disbelief) in Allāh (عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ) spread, and their worship to other than Him, Allāh (عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ) sent to them a Prophet from the Banī Isrā`īl[12], from the sons of Yahūd b.  Ya`qūb. He remained with them for a long time calling them to the worship of Allāh (عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ), and recognizing in His divinity, but they did not obey him. When he saw their great persistence in sin, misguidance and abandoning what they have been calling to from guidance and success, then he attended their biggest town’s Eid, and he (عليه السلام) said: ‘O Lord, These servants of yours do nothing except deny me and disbeliever in You. They worship a tree that neither benefits them nor harms them, so dry up all of their trees and show them Your power and Your Authority. Then all of their trees dried up, and the people were horrified by that. They were divided and they separated into two groups (farīqayn). (One) Group said, ‘This man, (who) claims that he is a messenger upon you of the Lord of the Heavens and the Earth, has bewitched your god, in order to alter your direct from your god to his god!’ (The other) group said, ‘No, rather your gods have become mad, because when they saw this man (expose) its faults and says thing about them, and he calls you to worship other than it. (Because of the gods anger) He has covered up his goodness and beauty in order that they become angry and triumph over him. So they all gathered their views together to kill him. Then they took a long lead pipe and (placed) it at its great opening.

ثم أرسلوها في قرار العين إلى أعلى الماء واحدة فوق الأخرى مثل البرابخ و نزحوا ما فيها من الماء ثم حفروا في قرارها من الأرض بئرا عميقة ضيقة المدخل و أرسلوا فيها نبيهم و ألقموا فاها صخرة عظيمة ثم أخرجوا الأنابيب من الماء و قالوا نرجو الآن أن ترضى عنا آلهتنا إذا رأت إنا قد قتلنا من كان يقع فيها و يصد عن عبادتها و دفناه تحت كبيرها ليشتفي منه فيعود لنا نورها و نضرتها كما كان فبقوا عامة يومهم يسمعون أنين نبيهم ع و هو يقول سيدي قد ترى ضيق مكاني و شدة كربتي فارحم ضعف ركني و قلة حيلتي و عجل بقبض روحي و لا تؤخر إجابة دعائي حتى مات ع فقال الله تبارك و تعالى لجبرئيل يا جبرئيل أ يظن عبادي هؤلاء الذين غرهم حلمي و أمنوا مكري و عبدوا غيري و قتلوا رسلي أن يقوموا لغضبي أو يخرجوا من سلطاني كيف و أنا المنتقم ممن عصاني و لم يخش عقابي و أني حلفت بعزتي لأجعلنهم عبرة و نكالا للعالمين

Then they sent it at the bottom of the spring, they (stacked) one unto another like a water pipe. Then they drained the water that was in it, and they dug in the bottom of the earth a deep narrator entrance to the well. Then they threw their prophet in it, and they covered the top of it (the well) with a huge rock, then they took out the pipes from the water. They said, ‘We hope now that our Gods are happy with us, when they will see that we have killed who was talking about it, and keeping us away from its worship, and he have buried him under its big well. And from it they could hear their Prophet moan and he would say, ‘O My master, you see the narrowness of my place, I am in great agony, have mercy on my weakness, not having a way out. Please hurry to take my spirit, and do not delay in answering my du`ā’ ‘.’ Then he (عليه السلام) died. Allāh (تبارك و تعالى) said to Jibra’īl (عليه السلام), ‘O Jibra’īl, does my servants think, those who have fooled My Patience (Ḥilm), and (they think) they are secure from My Wrath, and they worship other than Me, and they killed My Messenger. Do they (think) they can face My Anger, or escape from My Dominion? I shall take revenge to those who disobeys Me, and does not fear My punishment. I swear by My Glory, that I will make them an example and an exemplary punishment for the Worlds.’

فلم يدعهم و في عيدهم ذلك إلا بريح عاصف شديد الحمرة فتحيروا فيها و ذرعوا منها و تضام بعضهم إلى بعض ثم صارت الأرض من تحتهم حجر كبريت يتوقد و أظلتهم سحابة سوداء مظلمة فانكبت عليهم كالقبة جمرة تتلهب فذابت أبدانهم كما يذوب الرصاص في النار فتعوذ بالله من غضبه و نزول نقمته

And they did not call in their Eid except an extremely stormy wind of redness came, and they were confused by it, so they came to one another, then He made the earth from underneath them turn to blazing glowing sulfur, and a black cloud overshadowed them, and dropped a molten dome upon them, like fire over them. Their bodies melted like lead melts in the fire. And we seek refuge in Allāh from His Anger and His Revenge he sends down.

 

 
39وَكُلًّا ضَرَبْنَا لَهُ الْأَمْثَالَ ۖ وَكُلًّا تَبَّرْنَا تَتْبِيرًا
25|39|To each We presented the parables; and each We devastated utterly.
40وَلَقَدْ أَتَوْا عَلَى الْقَرْيَةِ الَّتِي أُمْطِرَتْ مَطَرَ السَّوْءِ ۚ أَفَلَمْ يَكُونُوا يَرَوْنَهَا ۚ بَلْ كَانُوا لَا يَرْجُونَ نُشُورًا
25|40|And they came upon the city that was drenched by the terrible rain. Did they not see it? But they do not expect resurrection.
41وَإِذَا رَأَوْكَ إِن يَتَّخِذُونَكَ إِلَّا هُزُوًا أَهَٰذَا الَّذِي بَعَثَ اللَّهُ رَسُولًا
25|41|And when they see you, they take you for nothing but mockery: “Is this the one God sent as a messenger?”
42إِن كَادَ لَيُضِلُّنَا عَنْ آلِهَتِنَا لَوْلَا أَن صَبَرْنَا عَلَيْهَا ۚ وَسَوْفَ يَعْلَمُونَ حِينَ يَرَوْنَ الْعَذَابَ مَنْ أَضَلُّ سَبِيلًا
25|42|“He nearly led us away from our gods, had we not patiently adhered to them.” But they will know, when they witness the torment, who is further away from the way.
43أَرَأَيْتَ مَنِ اتَّخَذَ إِلَٰهَهُ هَوَاهُ أَفَأَنتَ تَكُونُ عَلَيْهِ وَكِيلًا
25|43|Have you seen him who chose his desire as his god? Would you be an agent for him?
44أَمْ تَحْسَبُ أَنَّ أَكْثَرَهُمْ يَسْمَعُونَ أَوْ يَعْقِلُونَ ۚ إِنْ هُمْ إِلَّا كَالْأَنْعَامِ ۖ بَلْ هُمْ أَضَلُّ سَبِيلًا
25|44|Or do you assume that most of them hear or understand? They are just like cattle, but even more errant in their way.
45أَلَمْ تَرَ إِلَىٰ رَبِّكَ كَيْفَ مَدَّ الظِّلَّ وَلَوْ شَاءَ لَجَعَلَهُ سَاكِنًا ثُمَّ جَعَلْنَا الشَّمْسَ عَلَيْهِ دَلِيلًا
25|45|Do you not see how your Lord extends the shadow? Had He willed, He could have made it still. And We made the sun a pointer to it.
46ثُمَّ قَبَضْنَاهُ إِلَيْنَا قَبْضًا يَسِيرًا
25|46|Then We withdraw it towards Us gradually.
47وَهُوَ الَّذِي جَعَلَ لَكُمُ اللَّيْلَ لِبَاسًا وَالنَّوْمَ سُبَاتًا وَجَعَلَ النَّهَارَ نُشُورًا
25|47|And it is He who made the night a covering for you, and sleep for rest; and He made the day a revival.
48وَهُوَ الَّذِي أَرْسَلَ الرِّيَاحَ بُشْرًا بَيْنَ يَدَيْ رَحْمَتِهِ ۚ وَأَنزَلْنَا مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً طَهُورًا
25|48|And it is He who sends the winds, bringing advance news of His mercy; and We send down from the sky pure water.
49لِّنُحْيِيَ بِهِ بَلْدَةً مَّيْتًا وَنُسْقِيَهُ مِمَّا خَلَقْنَا أَنْعَامًا وَأَنَاسِيَّ كَثِيرًا
25|49|To revive dead lands thereby, and to provide drink for the multitude of animals and humans We created.
50وَلَقَدْ صَرَّفْنَاهُ بَيْنَهُمْ لِيَذَّكَّرُوا فَأَبَىٰ أَكْثَرُ النَّاسِ إِلَّا كُفُورًا
25|50|We have circulated it among them, that they may reflect, but most people persist in thanklessness.
51وَلَوْ شِئْنَا لَبَعَثْنَا فِي كُلِّ قَرْيَةٍ نَّذِيرًا
25|51|Had We willed, We could have sent to every town a warner.
52فَلَا تُطِعِ الْكَافِرِينَ وَجَاهِدْهُم بِهِ جِهَادًا كَبِيرًا
25|52|So do not obey the disbelievers, but strive against them with it, a mighty struggle.
53۞ وَهُوَ الَّذِي مَرَجَ الْبَحْرَيْنِ هَٰذَا عَذْبٌ فُرَاتٌ وَهَٰذَا مِلْحٌ أُجَاجٌ وَجَعَلَ بَيْنَهُمَا بَرْزَخًا وَحِجْرًا مَّحْجُورًا
25|53|And it is He who merged the two seas; this one fresh and sweet, and that one salty and bitter; and He placed between them a barrier, and an impassable boundary.
54وَهُوَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ مِنَ الْمَاءِ بَشَرًا فَجَعَلَهُ نَسَبًا وَصِهْرًا ۗ وَكَانَ رَبُّكَ قَدِيرًا
25|54|And it is He who, from fluid, created the human being. Then He made relationships through marriage and mating. Your Lord is Omnipotent.
 

H 9838, Ch. 89, h 9
Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad and Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father all from ibn
Mahbub from Hisham ibn Salim from Burayd al-‘Ijliy who has said the following:
“I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious,
‘He is the one who has created human beings from water, then made him into lineage and in-law
relationship.’ (25:54) He (the Imam) said, ‘Allah, most High, created Adam from sweet water and He
created his spouse of his kind and carved her from his lower ribs, because of that rib, in-law and
lineage relationship came into being. Lineage, O brother of banu ‘Ijl, is when the means are men; and
in-laws are when the means are women.’ He (the narrator) has said, ‘I then asked about the meaning of
the words of the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family
worthy of their services to Your cause, “Because of breastfeeding whoever is unlawful for marriage
due to kinship becomes unlawful for marriage.”’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Every woman who breastfeeds
from the milk of her “impregnating agent” (husband) the child of another woman, girls or boys, it then
is the kind of breastfeeding which is mentioned in the words of the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant
compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, “Because of
breastfeeding unlawful becomes whoever is unlawful because of kinship relations.” However, if a
woman breastfeeds a child with the milk of two impregnating agents that she may have had one after
the other, and the child being a boy or a girl, it then is not of the kind of breastfeeding which is
mentioned in the Hadith of the Messenger of Allah which says that what is unlawful because of the
lineage is unlawful because of breastfeeding. It, because of the lineage of the in-law, is breastfeeding
and it does not make anything unlawful when it is not for reason of breastfeeding from the side of the
milk of ‘impregnating agent’ (husband) which makes it unlawful.’”

 
55وَيَعْبُدُونَ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ مَا لَا يَنفَعُهُمْ وَلَا يَضُرُّهُمْ ۗ وَكَانَ الْكَافِرُ عَلَىٰ رَبِّهِ ظَهِيرًا
25|55|And yet, instead of God, they serve what neither profits them nor harms them. The disbeliever has always turned his back on his Lord.
56وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَاكَ إِلَّا مُبَشِّرًا وَنَذِيرًا
25|56|We sent you only as a herald of good news and a warner.
57قُلْ مَا أَسْأَلُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ أَجْرٍ إِلَّا مَن شَاءَ أَن يَتَّخِذَ إِلَىٰ رَبِّهِ سَبِيلًا
25|57|Say, “I ask of you no payment for this—only that whoever wills may take a path to his Lord.”
58وَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى الْحَيِّ الَّذِي لَا يَمُوتُ وَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِهِ ۚ وَكَفَىٰ بِهِ بِذُنُوبِ عِبَادِهِ خَبِيرًا
25|58|And put your trust in the Living, the One who never dies; and celebrate His praise. He suffices as the All-Informed Knower of the faults of His creatures.
59الَّذِي خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا فِي سِتَّةِ أَيَّامٍ ثُمَّ اسْتَوَىٰ عَلَى الْعَرْشِ ۚ الرَّحْمَٰنُ فَاسْأَلْ بِهِ خَبِيرًا
25|59|He who created the heavens and the earth and everything between them in six days, then settled on the Throne. The Most Merciful. Ask about Him a well-informed.
60وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمُ اسْجُدُوا لِلرَّحْمَٰنِ قَالُوا وَمَا الرَّحْمَٰنُ أَنَسْجُدُ لِمَا تَأْمُرُنَا وَزَادَهُمْ نُفُورًا ۩
25|60|And when it is said to them, “Bow down to the Merciful,” they say, “And what is the Merciful? Are we to bow down to whatever you command us?” And it increases their aversion.
61تَبَارَكَ الَّذِي جَعَلَ فِي السَّمَاءِ بُرُوجًا وَجَعَلَ فِيهَا سِرَاجًا وَقَمَرًا مُّنِيرًا
25|61|Blessed is He who placed constellations in the sky, and placed in it a lamp, and an illuminating moon.
62وَهُوَ الَّذِي جَعَلَ اللَّيْلَ وَالنَّهَارَ خِلْفَةً لِّمَنْ أَرَادَ أَن يَذَّكَّرَ أَوْ أَرَادَ شُكُورًا
25|62|And it is He who made the night and the day alternate—for whoever desires to reflect, or desires to show gratitude.
63وَعِبَادُ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الَّذِينَ يَمْشُونَ عَلَى الْأَرْضِ هَوْنًا وَإِذَا خَاطَبَهُمُ الْجَاهِلُونَ قَالُوا سَلَامًا
25|63|The servants of the Merciful are those who walk the earth in humility, and when the ignorant address them, they say, “Peace.”
 

H 1155, Ch. 108, h 78
Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from
ibn Mahbub from Muhammad ibn al-Nu‘man from Salam who has said the
following:
“Once I asked abu Ja‘far, recipient of divine supreme
covenant, about the words of Allah, the Most High: ‘(Among)
the servants of the Beneficent are those who walk gently on the
earth. . . .’ (25:63)
“The Imam said, ‘They are the executors of the will (of the
Holy Prophet, recipient of divine supreme covenant) who are
afraid of their enemies.’”

 
64وَالَّذِينَ يَبِيتُونَ لِرَبِّهِمْ سُجَّدًا وَقِيَامًا
25|64|And those who pass the night prostrating themselves to their Lord and standing up.
65وَالَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا اصْرِفْ عَنَّا عَذَابَ جَهَنَّمَ ۖ إِنَّ عَذَابَهَا كَانَ غَرَامًا
25|65|And those who say, ‘‘Our Lord, avert from us the suffering of Hell, for its suffering is continuous.
66إِنَّهَا سَاءَتْ مُسْتَقَرًّا وَمُقَامًا
25|66|It is indeed a miserable residence and destination.”
67وَالَّذِينَ إِذَا أَنفَقُوا لَمْ يُسْرِفُوا وَلَمْ يَقْتُرُوا وَكَانَ بَيْنَ ذَٰلِكَ قَوَامًا
25|67|And those who, when they spend, are neither wasteful nor stingy, but choose a middle course between that.
 

H 3231, CH 32, h 2
Abu Ali al-Ash’ari has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from ibn
Faddal from ‘Abd Allah ibn Ibrahim from Ja’far ibn Ibrahim from abu ‘Abd
Allah, recipient of divine supreme covenant, who has said the following:
“The prayers of four kinds of people are not heard: a man who
sits home and says, ‘O Lord, grant me sustenance,’ and it is said
to him, “Have I not commanded you to work?” a man who is
troubled by his wife so he prays for relief, but he will be asked,
‘Have I not made dissolving marriage lawful?’ A man who has
destroyed his wealth and asks, ‘O Lord, grant me wealth,’ he
will be asked, “Have I not commanded you to spend it
moderately and have I not commanded you to make
corrections?” Then the Imam read from the Holy Quran, ‘. . .
who in their spending are neither extravagant nor stingy but
maintain moderation,’ (25:67) and a man who lends money to
others without witnesses as evidence and it is said to him, ‘Have
I not commanded you to ask for witnesses as testimony?’”

 

H 6185, Ch. 40, h 1
A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from his father from al-Qasim ibn Muhammad al-Jawhariy
from Jamil ibn Salih from ‘Abd al-Malik ibn ‘Amr al-Ahwal who has said the following:
“Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, once, read this verse from the Holy Quran. ‘. . . those who do not
spend excessively or with severe austerity, but with moderation,’ (25: 67) he (the Imam) then picked
up a handful of pebbles and kept them firmly in his hand, saying, ‘This is severe austerity that Allah
has mentioned in His book.’ He then picked up another handful of pebbles and then opened his hand
altogether saying, ‘This is excessive spending.’ He then picked up a handful of pebbles, opened his
hand half-way, and held some of the pebbles in his hand, saying, ‘This is moderation.’”

 

H 6192, Ch. 40, h 8
Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from Muhammad ibn Ali from Muhammad ibn Sinan from abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam,
who has said the following:
“This is about the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, ‘It (moderation) was in
between . . .’ (25:67), the Imam said, ‘Al-Qawam (moderation) is a Benevolent Assistance,’ ‘. . .
proportionate to the abilities of a wealthy and poor person is a right upon the people of good deeds.’
(2: 236) The Imam said that such proportion is calculated according to the size of their dependents and
expenses, which is for their wellbeing; Allah does not overburden anyone.’”

 
68وَالَّذِينَ لَا يَدْعُونَ مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَٰهًا آخَرَ وَلَا يَقْتُلُونَ النَّفْسَ الَّتِي حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ إِلَّا بِالْحَقِّ وَلَا يَزْنُونَ ۚ وَمَن يَفْعَلْ ذَٰلِكَ يَلْقَ أَثَامًا
25|68|And those who do not implore besides God any other god, and do not kill the soul which God has made sacred—except in the pursuit of justice—and do not commit adultery. Whoever does that will face penalties.
69يُضَاعَفْ لَهُ الْعَذَابُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَيَخْلُدْ فِيهِ مُهَانًا
25|69|The punishment will be doubled for him on the Day of Resurrection, and he will dwell therein in humiliation forever.
70إِلَّا مَن تَابَ وَآمَنَ وَعَمِلَ عَمَلًا صَالِحًا فَأُولَٰئِكَ يُبَدِّلُ اللَّهُ سَيِّئَاتِهِمْ حَسَنَاتٍ ۗ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ غَفُورًا رَّحِيمًا
25|70|Except for those who repent, and believe, and do good deeds. These—God will replace their bad deeds with good deeds. God is ever Forgiving and Merciful.
71وَمَن تَابَ وَعَمِلَ صَالِحًا فَإِنَّهُ يَتُوبُ إِلَى اللَّهِ مَتَابًا
25|71|Whoever repents and acts righteously—has inclined towards God with repentance.
72وَالَّذِينَ لَا يَشْهَدُونَ الزُّورَ وَإِذَا مَرُّوا بِاللَّغْوِ مَرُّوا كِرَامًا
25|72|And those who do not bear false witness; and when they come across indecencies, they pass by with dignity.
73وَالَّذِينَ إِذَا ذُكِّرُوا بِآيَاتِ رَبِّهِمْ لَمْ يَخِرُّوا عَلَيْهَا صُمًّا وَعُمْيَانًا
25|73|And those who, when reminded of the revelations of their Lord, do not fall before them deaf and blind.
74وَالَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا هَبْ لَنَا مِنْ أَزْوَاجِنَا وَذُرِّيَّاتِنَا قُرَّةَ أَعْيُنٍ وَاجْعَلْنَا لِلْمُتَّقِينَ إِمَامًا
25|74|And those who say, “Our Lord, grant us delight in our spouses and our children, and make us a good example for the righteous.”
75أُولَٰئِكَ يُجْزَوْنَ الْغُرْفَةَ بِمَا صَبَرُوا وَيُلَقَّوْنَ فِيهَا تَحِيَّةً وَسَلَامًا
25|75|Those will be awarded the Chamber for their patience, and will be greeted therein with greetings and peace.
76خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا ۚ حَسُنَتْ مُسْتَقَرًّا وَمُقَامًا
25|76|Abiding therein forever—it is an excellent residence and destination.
77قُلْ مَا يَعْبَأُ بِكُمْ رَبِّي لَوْلَا دُعَاؤُكُمْ ۖ فَقَدْ كَذَّبْتُمْ فَسَوْفَ يَكُونُ لِزَامًا
25|77|Say, “What are you to my Lord without your prayers? You have denied the truth, and the inevitable will happen.”

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