Hujr ibn ‘Adi al-Kindi (RA) was a companion of the Prophet SAW, and his character and good deeds are not disputed among any Muslim groups. Let us learn a little about this great man, and why his struggles and sacrifices have softened even the hardest hearts.
We do not know for sure when or where he was born, however he was noted as a young man during the Prophethood, he was known as Hujr al-Khayr. His Kunya was Abu `Abd al Rahman b. `Adi b. al-Harth b. `Amr b. Hujr. He was given the nickname (i.e., laqab) of Akil al-Mirar. He was the king of the Kindis. It was said that he was the son of `Adi b. Mu’awiya b. Jubla b. `Adi b. Rabi’a b. Mu’awiya al-Akramin. He belonged to the tribe of Kinda.
Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi in his book Caliphs and Kings writes: “Hajar ibn Adiy was a pious companion of the Prophet (saws) and played a vital role in the correction of the Ummah. During Muawiyah’s reign when the custom of cursing Ali from the pulpit’s of Mosques began, hearts of the Muslims were being bled dry but people bit their tongues fearing death. In Kufa Hajar ibn Adiy could not remain silent and he began to praise Ali (as) and condemn Muawiyah. Until Mughira remained the Governor of Kufa, he adopted a lenient attitude towards this, but when Ziyad’s Governorship of Basra was extended to include Kufa, serious altercations arose. He would curse Ali during the khutbah and Hajar would refute him.
On one occasion he (Hajar) warned Ziyad for being late for Jummah prayers. Ziyad then arrested him along with twelve of his companions on false accusations of forming an opposition group to overthrow the Khalifa and was cursing the Khalifa. He also gathered witnesses to testify against them alleging that they claimed that khilafath was the exclusive right of the lineage of `Ali ibne Abi Talib and further accused them of creating an uproar, throwing out the commander and of supporting `Abu Turab Ali, of sending blessings upon him and hating his enemies. From among these witnesses, Qadi Shudhri’s testimony was used. He later wrote to Muawiyah that the blood and property of people who said they offered Salaah, paid zakaat, and performed Hajj and Umrah, preached right and declared that evil was haram, however if you want to kill them so be it, otherwise forgive them.
The accused were sent to Muawiyah and he sentenced them to death. A condition was placed that if they cursed `Ali and showed their hatred to him they would be pardoned. They refused and Hajar ibn Adiy said `I will not say that thing that will displease Allah’.
Finally Hajar ibn Adiy, his son Humaan ibn Hajar and his seven companions were murdered. From among them Abdur Rahman bin Hasan was sent back to return with a written instruction that he be murdered in the worst possible manner, Ziyad buried him alive.”
His last wish was that his son should be executed before him, in case his own death terrifies him and therefore he surrenders to Muawiya and agrees to the cursing of Ali.
The is no mistake or accident when we see in recent times that yet again Hujr ibn ‘Adi al-Kindi has been targeted by those deviated groups, his holy grave has been destroyed and smashed, his body dragged out and dumped.