Hadith Regarding The Eclipse

Here is a collection of the hadith regarding eclipses from Al Kafi. 

 

H 4580, Ch. 72, h 7 Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ‘Amr ibn Sa‘id from Ali ibn ‘Abd Allah who has said the following: “I heard abu al-Hassan Musa, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say, ‘When Ibrahim son of the Messenger of Allah passed away, three traditions were established. One tradition is that on that day a sun eclipse took place and people said that it is because of the death of the son of the Messenger of Allah. The Messenger of Allah went on the pulpit, praised Allah and glorified Him; then said, “O people the sun and the moon are two signs of the signs of Allah which move because of His command and in obedience to Him. Their eclipse is not because of the death or life of anyone. If one or both of them eclipse perform Salat (prayer) for eclipse.” He climbed down the pulpit and performed Salat (prayer) because of eclipse with the people. When he completed his Salat (prayer) by saying the last phrase, the greeting, he (the Messenger of Allah) said, “O Ali, you must prepare my son for burial.” Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, gave Ghusl (bath) to Ibrahim, hunut and shroud. He brought the deceased out and the Messenger of Allah joined the funeral until they arrived near his grave. People said, “The Messenger of Allah has forgotten Salat (prayer) for Ibrahim due to shock because of his death.” He (the Messenger of Allah) stood up straight and said, “O people, Jibril just informed me of what you have thought about my forgetting Salat (prayer) for my son, Ibrahim, because of shock due to his death. You must know that it is not as you think it is. In fact the Most Kind and Most Aware one has made five Salat (prayer) obligatory on you and for your dead people. He has made five Takbir necessary, one Takbir from each Salat (prayer). He has commanded me to perform Salat (prayer) only for those who have performed Salat (prayer).” He (the Messenger of Allah) then said, “O Ali, climb down and place my son in al-Lahad.” He (Ali) climbed down and placed Ibrahim in Lahad. People said, “It is not proper for people to climb down in the grave of their sons because the Messenger of Allah has not done so.” The Messenger of Allah said to them, “O people, it is not unlawful for you to climb down in the grave of your sons, but I do not find it safe for you to do so because on opening the shroud of your sons Satan may play with you to cause a shock and you lose your reward.” He (the Messenger of Allah) thereafter, moved away and left the graveyard.’”

 

H 5604, Ch. 91, h 1 Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ‘Amr ibn ‘Uthman from Ali ibn ‘Abd Allah who has said the following: “I heard abu al-Hassan Musa, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘When Ibrahim son of the Messenger of Allah passed away three traditions were established. One tradition is that on that day a sun eclipse took place and people said that it is because of the death of the son of the Messenger of Allah. The Messenger of Allah went on the pulpit, praised Allah and glorified Him, then said, “O people, the sun and the moon are two signs of the signs of Allah which move because of His command and in obedience to Him. Their eclipse is not because of the death or life of anyone. If one or both of them eclipse perform Salat (prayer) for eclipse.” He climbed down the pulpit and performed Salat (prayer) because of eclipse with the people.’”

 

H 5605, Ch. 91, h 2 Ali has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn `Isma‘il from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan all from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Hariz from Zurarah from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “We once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about Salat (prayer) because of eclipse. How many Rak‘at has it and how we perform it? He (the Imam) said, ‘It has ten Ruku‘ (bowing down on one’s knees) and four Sajadat (prostrations). Salat (prayer) commences with Takbir (Allah is great beyond description), Ruku‘ is performed with Takbir and you raise your head with Takbir, except the fifth Takbir, after which you perform Sajdah (prostration), and say Allah hears those who praise Him. Say Qunut (supplication after recitation in second Rak‘at) in every two Rak‘at before Ruku‘ and prolong Qunut and Ruku‘ equal to the time for recitation, Ruku‘ and Sajdah (prostration). If you finish before it (sun or moon) is cleared, sit down and pray before Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, until it is cleared. If it clears before you finish Salat (prayer), complete the remaining. Make the recitation loud.’ I then asked, ‘How is recitation in this Salat (prayer)?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘If you recite Surah (a chapter) in every Rak‘at, recite al-Fatihah al-Kitab, but if you reduce from Surah (chapter) something, then recite from where you left and do not recite al-Fatihah al-Kitab.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is desirable to recite al-Kahf (Chapter 18) and al-Hijr (Chapter 15), unless one is the Imam and is afraid of causing difficulties for people behind him. Your Salat (prayer) should be in the open, without being covered by a house, if you can do so. Salat (prayer) because of sun eclipse should be given more time than that because of moon eclipse, but Salat (prayer) because of both is equal in Ruku‘ and Sajdah.’”

 

H 5606, Ch. 91, h 3 Hammad has narrated from Hariz from Zurarah and Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “We once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the wind and darkness that at certain times come, is there any Salat (prayer) because of it? He (the Imam) said, ‘When anything frightening from the sky in the form of darkness, wind or noise takes place, perform Salat (prayer) like that of eclipse until it clears out.’”

 

H 5607, Ch. 91, h 4 Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Jamil ibn Darraj who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the time of Salat (prayer) because of eclipse at sunrise and sunset if it can be performed at such time. Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said, ‘It is obligatory.’”

 

5608, Ch. 91, h 5 It is a narration from him (narrator of previous Hadith) by Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Safwan ibn Yahya from al-‘Ala’ ibn Razin from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “I once asked one of the two Imam, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, about performing Salat (prayer) because of eclipse at the time of obligatory Salat (prayer). He (the Imam) said, ‘Begin with obligatory Salat (prayer).’ He (the Imam) was asked, ‘Can it be performed in the time of nightly optional Salat (prayer)?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Perform Salat (prayer) because of eclipse before nightly optional Salat (prayer).’”

 

H 5609, Ch. 91, h 6 It is narrated from him (narrator of previous Hadith) Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Hammad from Hariz from Zurarah and Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘When a total sun eclipse takes place but you do not notice it and come to know about it later, you must perform Qada’ (compensatory prayer for) such Salat (prayer), but if it is not a total eclipse, you are not required to perform anything.’”

 

H 5610, Ch. 91, h 7 Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from ‘Imran ibn Musa from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Majid from Ali ibn al-Fadl al-Wasitiy who has said the following: “I once wrote to him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, asking, ‘If a sun or moon eclipse takes place and I am riding and unable to dismount what must I do?’ He (the Imam) wrote to me, ‘Perform Salat (prayer) on your stumper which you ride.’”

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